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Wednesday, April 22, 2020 | History

2 edition of Influenza and maritime quarantine in Australia found in the catalog.

Influenza and maritime quarantine in Australia

J. H. L. Cumpston

Influenza and maritime quarantine in Australia

  • 212 Want to read
  • 24 Currently reading

Published by Albert J. Mullett, Government Printer in Melbourne, Victoria .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Influenza -- Australia.,
  • Quarantine.

  • Edition Notes

    Issued by authority of the minster for trade and customs.

    Statementby J. H. L. Cumpston.
    SeriesService publication / Commonwealth of Australia. Quarantine Service -- no. 18
    The Physical Object
    Pagination176p. :
    Number of Pages176
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18658030M


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Influenza and maritime quarantine in Australia by J. H. L. Cumpston Download PDF EPUB FB2

Influenza and maritime quarantine in Australia, Issue 18 John Howard Lidgett Cumpston Issued under the Authority of the Minister for Trade and Customs, A.J.

Mullett, Government printer, - pages. Trove: Find and get Australian resources. Books, images, historic newspapers, maps, archives and more. Maritime quarantine contained the spread of the virus until its virulence lessened, and restricted its eventual introduction into Australia to a single entry point.

The first case of pneumonic influenza appeared in Melbourne, on 9 or 10 January Continental Australia implemented a maritime quarantine in October The arrival of influenza was delayed until early January (14), 3 months after the pandemic had appeared in New Zealand, where no systematic form of border control was in by: Influenza -- Australia.

Influenza -- Australia -- Prevention. Quarantine -- Australia. Medicine, Preventive -- Australia. Notes. Cover title. "Issued under the authority of the Minister for Trade and Customs." Includes bibliographical references.

Also available online http:/ / ; At head of title: Commonwealth of. CDC Quarantine Station. with jurisdiction over the next U.S. port of arrival, the CDC Influenza and maritime quarantine in Australia book Operations Center ator the Maritime Activity Administrator ([email protected]).

Immediately report the following situations via the Maritime Conveyance Illness or Death Investigation Form available at. In Australia the pandemic was a major demographic and social tragedy, affecting the lives of millions of people.

In a period of six months inprobably more t died from influenza and possibly as many as two million Australians were infected. The Offi cial Year Book of the Commonwealth of Australia put forward a fi gure of. The exception was Australia, inwhen maritime quarantine was instituted.

This delayed the onset of illness in Australia until when the virus appeared to have lost some of its virulence. pattern of three waves was not universal: Australia, for example, due to the partial success of a maritime quarantine that delayed the outbreak until early inexperienced a single, longer wave of influenza activity.

In some locations influenza seems to have persisted into or returned. This feature, almost inherent in quarantine, traces a line of continuity from the time of plague to the influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 pandemic.

The historical perspective helps with understanding the extent to which panic, connected with social stigma and prejudice, frustrated public health efforts to control the spread of by: Etymology and terminology. The word quarantine comes from quarantena, meaning "forty days", used in the 14th–15th-centuries Venetian language and designating the period that all ships were required to be isolated before passengers and crew could go ashore during the Black Death plague epidemic; it followed the trentino, or thirty-day isolation period, first imposed in in the Republic of.

Federal Quarantine Rarely used. Large-scale isolation and quarantine was last enforced during the influenza (“Spanish Flu”) pandemic in – In recent history, only a few public health events have prompted federal isolation or quarantine orders. Specific Laws and Regulations Applying to Quarantine and Influenza and maritime quarantine in Australia book.

Australia erected a maritime quarantine which was successful until the summer of when a milder version of the disease finally penetrated. Australia's epi demic death toll was ultimat, less than that of Mauritius Australia's measures applied equally to. A newly identified diary from a soldier in describes aspects of a troop ship outbreak of pandemic influenza.

This diary is the only known document that describes this outbreak and provides information not officially documented concerning possible risk factors such as overcrowding and the suboptimal outbreak response by military leaders.

It also presents an independent personal perspective. Unlike in Australia, where they enforced strict maritime quarantine, New Zealand didn't close its borders or quarantine troops. Flu pandemic, NZH clipping, 23 OctoberNational Library. Another problem was that it coincided with Armistice celebrations so people were ignoring warnings to isolate, which spread the infection.

Filed under: Influenza Epidemic, -- United States -- Sources The American Influenza Epidemic of A Digital Encyclopedia, ed. by J. Alex Navarro, Alexandra Minna Stern, and Howard Markel (at ).

New Zealand's worst disease-disaster: years since the influenza pandemic. Laura Spinney's recent book Pale Rider: thanks to a strict maritime quarantine) while others such as. Kirsty Johnston spoke to historian Geoffrey Rice, author of the book Black November: The influenza pandemic in New Zealand, about what can teach us in the age of : Kirsty Johnston.

While the version of pneumonic influenza that arrived in Australia in January was still highly infectious, maritime quarantine had produced a significant result.

The disease that entered the community was notably less lethal than the versions seen in Europe, America or even New Zealand. The Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service (AQIS) was the Australian government agency responsible for enforcing Australian quarantine laws, as part of the Department of Agriculture.

Following a period operating under the name DAFF Biosecurity, it has since been absorbed into divisions in the Department of Agriculture and Water arters: Canberra, Australian Capital Territory. The maritime quarantine had been so successful it restricted the virus's eventual entry to a single port.

Spanish flu was detected in Melbourne on. We reviewed mortality data of the influenza pandemic for 11 South Pacific Island jurisdictions.

Four of these appear to have successfully delayed or excluded the arrival of pandemic influenza by imposing strict maritime by: The –21 influenza pandemic was the most lethal natural event in recent history. In the Pacific region, the pandemic's effects varied greatly across different populations and settings.

In this region, the pandemic's lethal effects extended over 3 years, from November,in New Zealand to as late as July,in New Caledonia.

Although a single virus strain probably affected all the Cited by: 9. Strict maritime quarantine (with facility quarantine on land in some cases), appeared to effectively prevent the entry of the –19 influenza pandemic into American Samoa and delayed its entry into mainland Australia, Tasmania and New Caledonia [].Quarantine measures during this pandemic also worked successfully in Yerba Buena, an island off San Francisco [], and within parts of Cited by:   New York Gov.

Andrew Cuomo, a Democrat, explained that he ordered an Ebola quarantine because "my No. 1 job is to protect the people of New York, and this does that.".

McLeod MA, Baker M, Wilson N, Kelly H, Kiedrzynski T, Kool JL. Protective effect of maritime quarantine in South Pacific jurisdictions, influenza pandemic. Emerg Infect Dis. ;14(3) McLane J. Setting a Barricade against the East Wind: Western Polynesia and the Influenza Pandemic.

[PhD Thesis]. Dunedin: University of. "Australia, because of our strict maritime quarantine, we really missed out on the first wave and most of the second wave," she said.

"So we really only got the slightly less virulent third wave. Ina crude influenza vaccine made from chemically inactivated, mixed cultures of respiratory bacteria was widely used prior to the understanding that influenza was caused by a virus.

Such vaccines contained no viral material and probably consisted largely of bacterial endotoxin. The Australian military used such a vaccine on Samoa in December and thought it was by: 1. Australia's maritime quarantine Chapter 3 The flu reaches New Zealand Do your duty. Did Bill Massey bring the flu on the Niagara.

Auckland's Armistice epidemic Rapid spread Celebrating peace, spreading infection Chapter 4 Organising support as the flu spreads Block system, depots, temporary hospitals Crisis Pages: Maritime quarantine procedures have been tightened dramatically since then, and some other cruise ships have been refused permission to dock.

Overall, physical distancing rules and measures to restrict people’s movements in Australia are succeeding in slowing the spread of coronavirus infection. A.D.: Cyprian Plague. Named after the first known victim, the Christian bishop of Carthage, the Cyprian plague entailed diarrhea, vomiting.

Influenza Preparedness Action Plan of the Japanese Government (hereinafter referred to as “Action Plan”). The Quarantine Guidelines aim to prevent the intrusion of pandemic influenza virus at the frontline as far as possible, through bolstered quarantine operations such as the screening of pandemic influenza patients in Phases 4A through 5A.

Some evidence suggests that maritime quarantine delayed the arrival of influenza into Australia until ; however, some observers doubt this premise. 17 Influenza deaths were occurring in quarantine stations within Australia as early as October, Cited by: 9.

Emerging Infectious Diseases. ;19(2) A turning point in the history of quarantine came after the pathogenic agents of the most.

Kirsty Short: Maritime quarantine proved to be effective for some pacific island nations. And it actually helped protect Australia to a certain extent in that it actually delayed us getting the. Kirsty Johnston spoke to historian Geoffrey Rice, author of the book Black November: The influenza pandemic in New Zealand, about what can teach us in the age of coronavirus.

The influenza epidemic in Montana / V.W. Steele; Genetic characterization of the influenza virus / J.K. Taubenberger "All at sea" Spanish influenza, maritime quarantine and Australian troopships / C. Thomas The influenza pandemic of /19 in Nuremberg/Germany / Manfred Vasold.

Quarantine (from the Italian "quaranta," meaning 40) was adopted as an obligatory means of separating persons, animals, and goods that may have been exposed to a contagious disease.

The station journals for the San Francisco Quarantine Station on Angel Island cover 43 years (–), spanning two World Wars, the influenza pandemic, Japanese internment, changes in immigration policy, advances in bacteriology and virology, the development of.

Updating the Accounts: Global Mortality of the "Spanish" Influenza Pandemic Article (PDF Available) in Bulletin of the history of medicine 76(1) February with 5, Reads. A virulent worldwide influenza pandemic occurred during andin which up to 40 million people are believed to have died.

The disease arrived in Australia through Victoria in earlyand spread to New South Wales by 27 January. By the time it ended in September that year, more than 6, people had died of the disease in the State. Quarantine by Alison Bashford,available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.5/5(1).Some countries attempted to enforce quarantines in an effort to keep the virus out.

Watching the crisis develop from afar Australia had time to implement a nation-wide maritime quarantine. However, even this was only able to keep the virus at bay for three months, with the first reported cases in Melbourne appearing in January